ON VIOLENT ACTS AND THEIR AGGRAVATED TYPES
IN FRENCH CRIMINAL LAW
The aim of this article is to describe violent acts in the French Penal Code. Owing to structural determinants of the code regulations, it should be emphasized that violent acts can be found in three fundamental configurations. Firstly, they can exist independently as a crime (Art. 222 — 7 of the Penal
Code). Secondly, they may constitute one of the features of a crime structure or may be perceived as a self-contained aggravating circumstance. The author of this article has described in particular the cases in which violent acts assume a character of aggravating circumstances. The author has also determined individual categories which enable to select and systematize the circumstances (with regard to the victim, the perpetrator, extraordinary circumstances) and indicated different examples of crimes which assume a character of aggravated crimes because of violent acts occurring in their structure.